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Sources of hardness & the solution

Hardness in water is defined as concentration of multivalent cations. Multivalent cations are cations (positively charged metal complexes) with a charge greater than 1+. They mainly have the charge of 2+. These cations include Ca2+ and Mg2+. These ions enter a water supply by leaching from minerals within an aquifer. Common calcium-containing minerals are calcite and gypsum. A common magnesium mineral is dolomite (which also contains calcium). Rainwater and distilled water are soft, because they also contain few ions.

The following equilibrium reaction describes the dissolving/formation of calcium carbonate scales:

CaCO3 + CO2 + H2O ⇋ Ca2+ + 2HCO3-

Calcium and magnesium ions can be removed by water softeners

source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_water

To solve it :

ScaleBlaster is an electromagnetic water softener/conditioner that softens the ‘hard water’. It prevents and removes scales (calcium and magnesium carbonates) in the pipes automatically.

How does the ScaleBlaster work?

The system works by using induction that will remove the calcium carbonate molecule carried inside the water molecule, and it neutralize the calcium carbonate so that it doesn’t have any capability to stick on any surface of the pipe or any device in the end destination (coffee machine, water heater, sink, etc). Moreover, the empty water molecule will attract the scale to get inside it, and carry them away, and clean up the pipes.

Where do I install the unit?

The installation itself is very simple, no changes necessary for the original system, since we only need to wrap the induction cable around the surface of the pipe. ScaleBlaster should be installed after the filter, or if there’s no filter in the original system, then it should be installed in the pipe after the storage tank (usually located in the tower), before the water is distributed to the end destination.

Does it work on all types of pipe?

ScaleBlaster works on PVC or copper pipe. If your house or building using steel or galvanized pipes with diameter 1.5”, you should install the unit for pipe with diameter 3”. It’s mean a bigger investment. So, we recommend replacing one section (more or less 50 cm) your galvanized pipe with PVC. We are only concerned with where the signal cable is wrapped.

Will there be any maintenance with the ScaleBlaster?

There is no maintenance at all. No salt to carry around. No batteries or filters to change. No moving parts. You may want to occasionally check to see if the two LED lights are on in case of a power surge. Otherwise, we do suggest you drain and clean out the bottom of your hot water tank after a couple of months of installing the ScaleBlaster to remove all the scale that had accumulated.

How long will it take for my lime scale deposits to go away?

This can depend on many factors. The amount of water going through the pipes is a major one. The more people living in the house using water, the faster the pipes will de-scale. The hardness of the water is a big factor, as well as how old the house is. It could be a week or as long as three months.

How long the warranty time?

The unit comes with a full 10 years warranty and has an expected 20-25 year life-span.

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